Although it may sound uncommon, iron deficiency anemia is a very present disease that represents shortage of red blood cells as a result of low blood cells in the organism.
When the body lacks iron to turn it into hemoglobin, the red blood cannot carry oxygenated blood to all the body tissues and this comes with many side-effects you might have noticed.
All people are subjected to iron deficiency anemia, although some are more prone to the disease than others.
The biggest risk group is the vegetarians and vegans, since red meat, the biggest iron source, is omitted from their nutrition. Also, blood donors are exposed to suffering from this disease since they share large quantities of iron with other people.
The same is true for women donors more than men, because of the pregnancy factor as well as the menstrual cycle.
About 3% of the men suffer from this disease but that is very little if compared to the 20% of women and 50% of pregnant women that have experienced iron deficiency anemia.
Iron Deficiency Anemia Symptoms
Iron deficiency anemia mostly impairs the oxygen supply to the cells. There are various factors that can affect the severity of the symptoms, beginning from mild symptoms like tiredness and escalating to more extreme ones.
Here is the whole list:
- Feeling Extreme Fatigue and/or Weakness
If you’re sleeping more than usual, aren’t waking as rested as you normally do, or are experiencing over all low energy levels or muscle weakness for an extended period of time, you may need more iron.
- Headache, Dizziness or Light-headedness, Particularly When Standing
When we stand up we usually get head rushes, since the oxygen flow to the brain is interrupted. This is what actually triggers headaches and dizziness, and can even lead to fainting.
- Shortness of Breath
Just a simple stair climbing can cause irregular breathing, so you might want to turn to some cardio.
- Suffering From Frequent Infections
In case you have wounds that take a long time to heal, or cuts that get easily infected, you might be suffering from low hemoglobin levels and should elevate your iron levels.