Blood sugar levels show the amount of glucose in the blood. Glucose is the main source of energy for the cells in the body. Glucose is ingested through the foods we eat.
In most cases, high blood sugar, also known as hyperglycemia, can be caused by two things. Therefore, there are two types of diabetes. First is type 2 diabetes-when the body is unable to use glucose properly and type 1 diabetes-a condition caused by lack of glucose in the body. When this condition lasts too long, it may harm certain body parts like the kidneys, blood vessels, eyes, and nerves, permanently.
The main reasons for increase of sugar in diabetics are:
- Steroid medications
- Over-treating a hypoglycemia episode
- Missing a dose or taking a wrong dose of the diabetes medications
- Lack of physical exercise
- Too much stress
- Some disease, for example, a common cold
The following symptoms could be indicating that your blood sugar levels are too high:
- Nerve issues
- Excessive thirst
- Stomach problems
- Dry mouth
- Itchy and dry skin
- Constant hunger
- Weight gain
- Lack of concentration
- Slow healing of wounds, cuts, and bruises
- Urination at night or frequent urination
- Blurry vision
- Recurrent infections
How to lower high blood sugar levels with glycemic food
The glycemic index, also known as GI, is the ranking of carbohydrates in foods according to their influence on the blood glucose levels. The numbers vary from 1 to 100, that is, there are low-GI foods, moderate-GI foods, and high-GI foods. The first group is processed slower than the third, i.e. they decrease the insulin levels and encourage healthy weight loss.