The level of sugar in the blood indicates the amount of glucose in the blood. Glucose is the main source of energy for most of the cells in the body. It’s ingested through food and then delivered to the cells. Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar can be caused by two factors and so they’re two different types. One is type 1 diabetes which caused by lack of glucose and type 2 diabetes or a condition during which the body’s unable to use glucose properly.
If the condition is left untreated for a longer period of time, it may cause serious damage to certain body parts like the kidneys, nerves, eyes, and blood vessels.
What Causes Sugar Spikes in Diabetics
Overeating, i.e. snacking between meals
Certain medications, like steroids
Over-treating an episode of low blood sugar
Missing a dose or taking a wrong dose of diabetes meds
The Main Signs of High Blood Sugar Levels
Itchy and dry skin
Excessive weight gain
Inability to focus
Slow healing of wounds and cuts
Frequent urination or nighttime urination